Hoorah! It's time to learn some new words. It's been long enough.

New verbs:

To run= Currere
To laugh= Ridere
To see= Videre
To have= Habere

Try conjugating these above. I know these suggested exercises are optional, but I do think it helps hammer in the subject.

Some nouns:

Friend= Amicus
Man= Vir
Woman= Mulier (Pl=mulieres, this is a noun type we haven't seen before, it works differently)
Tree= Arbor (Pl= Arbores)

Do you know how to make these plural?


Oh! A new beast to tackle. Adjectives in english go before the word they are describing. In latin, they typically go after. I'll do a chapter on word order later though, so don't worry about it now.

Adjectives in latin have genders, like nouns do. However, unlike nouns, adjectives change gender to reflect the noun they are paired with.

So look at these words:

Miserus= Sad
Molestus= Annoying
Laetus= Happy

They all are male! You can probably guess how to change them to female though, right? Try it now.

It's the same as with conjugating verbs- remove the masc ending (-us) and put in the new one (-a)

These endings are familiar... When I say the adjectives change with their paired noun, I mean it! They also become plural. So we can have "Miseri Lupi" if we really want!

"We run and laugh."
"The annoying boy doesn't have friends"
"The happy woman loves the forest"
"You all are annoying wolves!"
"She sees the wolf and runs"
"Women and men can't be friends"
"I am a sad, annoying man"

Next time: Untangling sentences, and a large translation to try!