p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"a mirror of first wave feminist situations/p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;""No more the meek and mild subservients we We're fighting for our rights militantly Never you fear" (l.l. 16-18), This is from the song Sister sufferagette from the Disney Movie Mary class="Apple-converted-space" /spanThis movie highlights and reflects on what the females and their families in the first wave movement must have gone through. There were three waves in the feminist movement, the first was focused on the basic rights of women. The Most basic rights were sought, such as womanhood, women's basic rights, and the most basics of independence. This struggle is demonstrated in many women's' lives, even women in fiction. such an example is Henrick Ibsen's Nora in the 1879 Play A Doll's House, which to give it some historical grounding was written at this historical time in history, in Europe. Nora discovers through the play a sense of herself, a need to act, and then leaves her husband. This epiphany is the result of her gender through her oppression and limitations she faces as a woman, and the role she must play in the marriage she is trapped within./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanFeminism has been an issue that mattered since the mid nineteenth century. Globally The feministic movement has been generally similar, because according to Natasha Thomsen "the issues women have been dealing with have been similar worldwide but varied by the pace of change allowed by political climate and cultural beliefs" (3). All countries eventually grant women rights, but some were slower to do so. There were three ways of feminism ranging from 19th century, up to the time this paper is written. The third wave is still ongoing rapidly. The first wave lasted from mid 19th century to mid twentieth century. The second wave began in the mid twentieth century and lasted until the last decade. The third wave commenced at the end of the twentieth century and has not relented. Much of what feminism has evolved in to also crosses over in to a revolution concerning sexuality, gender, and identity./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanThe First wave had no real set beginning date, as according to thomsen, because things were different in each country "the call for women's rights began at different times in different countries, often coinciding with the demand for other rights, such as political freedom or economic reform" (3). This makes sense, because often such reforms did not consider women's place in the reforms. There is according to Katrina Honeyman And Jordan Goodman, "a clear, yet complex gender division of labour existed in the nineteenth century" (617). This was prevalent in many aspects of society, many sector of employment,, and the political sphere. An example of this according to Honeyman and Goodman is "European garment trades which distinguished workers both by the tasks they performed and by the location in which they performed them" (617). Women were given less trusted tasks, easier more generic work and many performed them at a separate location from men, mostly at home. The statistics show that according to Honeyman and Goodman, "in 1887, for example, 75 percent of all homeworkers were married, widowed, or separated" 616). Another example is that women were not allowed to be seen as professional academics such as historians. according to Ida Blom at this time "only university graduates were considered professional historians, and it was not until the 1870s that Scandinavian women were accepted as university students in Sweden in 1873 and Denmark in 1875" This was because women fought for their rights. Women were not allowed to be considered as professional historians for example. Even at this point in time, professional women were sparse. Women who had their own freedom who had some amount of rights according to Thomsen believe "they would lead the world into social and sexual freedom" (33). In a sense, these women had some limited freedoms and wished that other women would have the same rights, but also, to fight for more rights which would help all of them. these protests did not have much success at first even though, they would later would result in a powerful shift in society. At first, however, according to honeyman and Goodman, "The possibility of restructuring gender relations in the labour market was momentarily indicated by changes in production methods, but ultimately men retained their monopoly of the more rewarding occupation. This was what the first wave was about, merely the rights of the women to be part of society, to help the men earn their keeps, to be acknowledged, and to have voting and landowning rights. The second wave was over equality with men, having a presence as a professional women, seen as their own at work, and a good pay. The Third wave is about fairer working conditions, sexuality, defining more clearly what gender is, abortion rights, and Being seen just as men is, having an equal status in society./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanThe society at this time was still overwhelmingly a patriarchy; in fact, men had rights which women did not have, women's rights were limited, and patronizing condescension towards women kind was common even toward's one's own wife. The fact is according to Katrina Honeyman and Jordan Goodman "women face discrinmination are of very long standing and were not the creation of the forces of industrialization" (608).A Doll's house captures this atmosphere, and we see Torvald Helmer having such a disposition towards his wife, who is clearly not her own, as she is merely a wife, who has to play her role, in his eyes. The pet names and the condescending tones is blatant throughout this play. The first thing the reader hears Torvald Helmer say to Nora is "Is that my little lark twittering out there" (569). This remark already seems condescending, despite the fact he believe he is being humorous. At this point this could still be possible, however this patronizing tone only populate the rest of the pages. At the end when Nora decides she rather leave him, he is still being condescending./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spaneven readers from the first wave, of feminism would know he is speaking to a child; on the contrary this behavior was just fine in men's view, because according to Ida Blom, who quotes Ragna Nielsen, "apparently, women have nothing to do with the past anyway" (581), which is to say they make no impact on are not important or good enough to do so. This was more the reason to patronize them, due to their natural inferiority. Furthermore, His little pet names for her continues throughout the play and even at the end, he belittles her by trying to counsel her, as a good father would counsel one's own child after some traumatic event. He tries to sooth her by saying, "try to calm yourself, and ease your mind again, my frightened little songbird" ((596). If this was his child this would have been acceptable, even loving. This is disrespectful and condescending to a women who has rights, but at this time, it was all but acceptable, because the fact of the matter, is they didn't have their rights established yet. For this reason and the amount of control and condescension which is dealt out according to Thomas such figures as by John Stuart Mill "who addressed the rights of women in his 1869 book The Subjection of Women and wrote articles on the subject for the press" (35), were able to use "his work [which] was translated in to danish, Inspir[ed] the movement in denmark" (35). Not only did Helmer patronize Nora but so did the rest of society. They did not think much of Nora and her abilities, especially in terms of employment. Because Nora took out a loan and had to repay it, She had to find work. She also enjoyed working to support Helmer by repaying the loan that was borrowed in order to go on the vacation to Italy, and this is indicated byy her statement of "it was a tremendous pleasure to sit there working and earning money" (574). Like most women however, according to Honeyman and Goodman "suffered very irregular employment" 617), which was no real surprise, because of how women was generally viewed. Nora claims as evidence of her own struggles that "last winter I was lucky enough to get a lot of copying to do" (574). This indicates that Nora doesn't usually get much copying or as much, and that it may be a job hard to get. This is the way How Patriarchal societies patronize women like Nora, and not only do they patronize them, but they are also seen as in need of not being able to hold their own counsel./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanHelmer also delighted in instructing Nora on the ways of life. Because NOra finally decides that he is far to controling and restrictive, Even when Nora proposes that she shall leave him, he still proposes to her, "Playtime is over, and now it's lesson-time" (597). Because once more this shows his manipulation and control, This did not rectify the situation; moreover, it serve to show his continual desire to direct and manipulate instead of allowing her to help make the decisions as an equal. This was how men behaved in a patriarchy, which according to Honeyman and Goodman "can be defined as a pervading societal system, … which accept, reinforce, or structure male hegemony" (509). and Helmer one could clame was only acting as one would in such society. Helmer's idea of counseling her on how to spend, by saying "if you spend it all on the housekeeping and all kinds of unnecessary things, then I just have to open my wallet all over again" (569). This is a way for him to get her to play along with him and ask him for more money, but nevertheless it's still counsel. telling her that is condescending. However, he doesn't only suggest on how she spends her money but he also advises, that, "if you really did save some of the money I give you" 569), he would not have to continue to waste his money on her. This may be a reasonable request, but the fashion in which it was proposed was patronizing. Nora like other women were not trusted in society, and society as a whole set guidelines so that according to Honeyman and Goodman "esteemed productive work was to be a male sphere and domestic duties a female and less respected one" 612). Like Helmer men in society tries to put women in a place in which they belong, and men tells the women what they are permitted to do in society. Another example of such dominance of Nora by Helmer, He also sees it fit to counsel his wife on how to eat and limits her on her sweets consumption. Under this premise He says to her "has little miss sweet tooth been breaking our rules in town today" (570). This may be appropriate behavior towards one's child, but to control and limit one's wife as such is certainly degradingspan class="Apple-converted-space" /span/p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanIn this time period, woman was indeed nothing but status objects. One would marry and have a wife to have a higher status and for professional reasons. Status represented much at this time in society; Moreover, it took women and money to achieve these goals. societal roles were organized according to this principle because according to Honeyman and Goodman, "while women were allocated low status secretarial jobs, men moved into high status office work in banks and insurance companies" (615). This even shows how much women meant less and women were not as important or could possess a status as high as men were able to. This is reflective in A Doll's house, and Henrik Ibsen uses Nora as a representative of this phenomenon. Because Helmer had both nora and a good position, he claims that "it's great to feel that you have a completely secure position and a big enough income" (570). This is an example of how status operates in such a society. Moreover, Women were more of a valuable asset. This is even the case not just in the home but in society and work. Society set up work that according to Honeyman and Goodman "Not only did it allow women to reconcile domestic functions with wage earning, and to comply with the late nineteenth-century moralists, feminine ideal, but it permitted the clothing manufacturers to make full use of a cheap and flexible labour force at a time when the expansion in the demand for ready-to-wear clothing placed great pressure on existing methods of production and suggested greater subdivision of tasks" (617). This effectively made women useful in the workforce but allowed and encouraged them to also fulfill the chores which makes them useful and an asset domestically. The readers Of A Doll's house get a glimpse of this natural tendency in thought and values at the time, which is borne by Torvald Helmer as he expresses outloud, "one would hardly believe how expensive such little creatures are" (569). He loves her and their marriage because it's concerns his status and pride, and gives him the wholesomeness he needs as a male in this society. He also feels as if he's ultimately in control. When she asks if it was nice that she did what he asks, his reaction was as follows: 'nice, because you do what your husband tells you to" 583). This tells of his belief of his powerful dominance, and how he believes that women must submit to their husbands including nora, of course. Another example is Nora's father, because a father also has great command and influence over a daughter before she becomes married. Nora recounts when living with her father, that "it was great fun to sneak down to the maids' room, because they never preached at me" ((586). Her father on the contrary did preach at Nora. During a woman's life, in this time period, Men in general,not just Nora's father or Helmer, at this time were so much about the command and influence of the female, and demoting them, that according to Honeyman and Goodman men "by setting artisanal work apart from work in general, guildsmen were also equating women with the unskilled: (613). This was a way to control and command women and to exert the maximum amount of influence and dominance over them. she's kept in society by the presence of men and their influence. First they are kept at home and restricted by their families, especially their father. Nora describes her treatment by her father up to the time that she married helmer by saying that "he used to call me his doll-child, and he played with me the way I played with my dolls" (597). Then as with nora most women feels as nora does "that I was just passed from papa's hands to yours" (597). This implies that from birth to death women's exisstence was very sheltered, controled, and dominated by men in their lives. Because Women are kept as status objects, this system is in place to aid this along. Helmer makes himself feel better by saying "still, one has to take you as you are" (570), as if resigned to the idea. On the contrary, Women are powerless status objects, and they can do little outside the house. According to Ida blom in society there was an "understanding that women would work as assistants to men, preferably to husbands,permeated education in france, even at the academic level" (582)., making women second class to men and only to serve them. This makes women powerless and not important in academia, and they are unable to make changes unless their male academic, who they work under, is willing to sponsor their ideas. Ibsen uses Nora as an example of women in general who are status objects and are necessarily under men in her society. Nora is in this situation, whether she realises this or not. Helmer uses her as his pretty wife, where her looks matters the most. This is evident when he states, "I think she's worth looking at" (592). The women's beauty and charm glorifies a husband and helps his status. The husbands with beautiful women are perceived better and this is the reason why helmer dresses her up and shows her beauty and charm off at a dance; moreover, it was significant for him that "everyone thought so at the dance" (592), and agreed with him concerning her beauty, because this helps his class="Apple-converted-space" /spanWe see this voiced when Mrs. Kristine Linde explain to nora that "no, a wife can't borrow money without her husband's consent" (573). Because men must ultimately make the decision to borrow money to be legal, This then, makes the women in society somewhat useless. Because no real power is allowed them, this subjects women to be under men, and in many ways, they are not able to effect any major workings in society. Nora finds this to be restrictive but she wasn't the only one who thought so. Ibsen uses her to represent feminists at the time who also wish for more legal rights for Married women. According to Thomsen because women were willing to advocate for themselves and protest, "economic independence for single women and improved legal position of married women" (33), actually class="Apple-converted-space" /span/p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanWomen, who has been for a period of time, were satisfied by this type of husband in this type of society. The readers see NOra playing along at the beginning of this text. Torvald Helmer expects her wife be light and irresponsible, so this is the act she plays, and she obliges to play the role he wishes. Helmer uses her also to entertain himself, because as an object of pride there isn't much else she's allowed. Because Nora has good entertainment value such as "my dancing and dressing up and reciting" (573), he is fond of and devoted to her. In adition, her charm and skill at dancing helps his status, because a wife such as Nora shows that she's a refined lady and that the man who married her has class. Helmer in this way tells Mrs. Linde by way of praising her wife, "She danced her tarantella and it was a huge success, as it deserved to be" (592), he is proud of her because she was able to make his household image. Her preformance was not something he enjoyed personally but rather a success, which means it did something for class="Apple-converted-space" /spanNora is the perfect spendthrift even her answer reflects such, as when Torvald Helmer asks her, what would we do if we owed people money, her answer is "If that happened, I don't suppose I'd care whether I owed anyone money or not" (569). This is certainly an answer that someone who loves spending money would give. This role is consistentspan class="Apple-converted-space" /spanthroughout the first part of A doll's House. One would imagine that it would be tiring to fill in such roles, and needing to act continuously this way to fill this role constantly. It's a bit restrictive, because much of this interaction seems to be limiting her to a certain type of response. Helmer also expects her to tend to the house and perform her domestic duties, and she does this well. This includes keeping house, buying things for the house, preparing the house for guests and holidays, and caring for their children. This is what most men in the nineteenth century expected of women as well; in fact this expectation carried over to the working sphere, because this was the only type of work viewed as fit for women, According to Honeyman and Goodman women "clustered in the clothing industry,in various forms of retail trading, and in menial occupations (like laundressing) that resembled household chores, a pattern reminiscent of the early modern period" (616), which kept women in semi-domestic roles. This was a way to keep women in that type of controled position, and it was seen as what they are able to do best as well. She plays the role also of a rebellious but subservient wife by purchasing macaroons. this being her secretly rebellious action is guilty for it and denies that she ever does it; In fact, she claims that she "wouldn't dream of going against your wishes" 570). Upon being confronted for her action, she says, "no, what makes you think that" (570). In fact, on the contrary, he had just seen through her little rebellious secret. Being so restrictive, the role here is to play that rebellious woman who secretly goesspan class="Apple-converted-space" /spanaganst her husbands wishes as a guilty pleasure. It shows of her struggles and how trapped she feels in her role, which she has little choice but to follow; moreover, she has been following this type of restrictive set of guidelines all her life, beginning with her father. For most women, of this time, they have been suppressed as nora has been, because these rebellions "according to Shulamith Firestone may appear as a superficial inequality,one that can be solved by merely a few reforms, or perhaps by the full integration of women in to the labour force" (3), even if it is in a very passive role. This in a sense is similar to Helmer's view, where a quick small amend was sufficient, and at the end, his solution was to allow her to be more present in his life, but in a sense still highly controled. She admits to Doctor Rank, A long time family friend, that "being with Torvald is a little like being with papa" (586), in the way she is trapped and undermined. She feels it is the same type of social rules and roles she has to play, and this is a tiring and tedious position to be inn; therefore, she sometimes needs a break from it, so she spends it with the nursemaids when she lived with her father and Doctor Rank as a wife to Helmer. This isn't unusual with women in her time, This is fairly common as there is no way out of this lifestyle, because it is very difficult to be educated. According to blom "opposition to women at universities was strong and male historians directly attacked the idea of women attending lectures: (582), which really does not help them get a better life without an opportunity to be educated. This subjugation is also blatant when Nora challenges what they have already established. Nora had promised helmer to not bring a topic up with him anymore, but she does; Thus challenging his authority, and to him, this is a cause for offense. He proceeds to accuse nora that "You Really have the nerve to bring that up again" 583). It is helmers desire to not give her choices, but in another sense, society expects the same. Society expects that Women should have little if no power over their men. When Nora insist he works on her wishes in deciding who to fire, Helmer inquires, "Do you think I'm going to let them all say that the new manager has changed his mind because his wife said to" (583). Listening to his wife, when Helmer had decided already to fire Krogstad, his employee, showed how week he was as a man. As Helmer points out that this is "going to make myself look riddiculous in front of my whole staff, and let people think that I can be pushed around by all sorts of outside influences" (584). This is a dreadful thing to be upon oneself when a manager of a bank, especiallyy when one is new. Men were suppose to be the reliable workers who did reputable work. It was unfit to listen to women who were the more ignorant and lesser in society. Women worked in less skilled capacities such as in the garment industry according to Honeyman and Goodman, "operated mainly in the mass production sector, at home, making women's garments, underwear, millinery and standard workmen's clothes" (617), because they were less trusted, deemed to have less skill, and unable to be able to perform like men. So, why should men trust the women, much less be influenced by them? They were not suppose to; In fact, It would be a sign of weakness. She is also kept from knowing much about society, and never taught of society's laws and ways of life. She shows this through her ignorance of the law, which she broke, because she had to forge her dying father's signature for her husband's health. This was the only way she was able to borrow an expensive lone, so they could travel to Italy for the sake of Helmer's Helfth. Nora deems "the law must be very stupid" (579). She considers it that because the law does not make provisions for her desperate situation; hence, she believes the law is inflexible. She then admits, "I don't know much about the law, but I'm sure there must be provisions for things like that." (579): this shows her innocence and her naíve ignorance of the law. Towrds the beginning, when Dr. Rank was speaking to Mrs. Linde and her, Nora indicates when asked, "what do I care about your boring society" (575. This shows apathy towards the society she is in. This was the state of things all of her life and throughout the play, until the end where she realizees there is a better alternative and takes action./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanTowards the end of the play, nora realises that she was being controled, manipulated, and treated as Helmer's dol. She realizes this from an argument. Because the letter was dropped in to the Helmer's mailbox about Nora's guilt of forgery, Helmer was angry and upset. Forgery is a crime and thus judged very severely. Nora was his wife and thus was under him. Everything she does is associated with his name, and her status was tied to his own. Because Nora commited a crime, it could be associated with him, and society may perceive it as his influence. He claims, "Now you've destroyed all my happiness. You've ruined my whole future." (596). Helmer is concerned and angry at not the principles or even Nora, but the fact that his status and place will be stained. What is also a rude awakening is that not long before this attitude shift Nora was his precious jule. His attitude changes completely when he receives this news, even though, before this evidence was shown he claimed that he'd work hard to defend, love, protect and work with her; However, this was not the case, especially because his status was effected. He was the one to blame and to be held responsible, and we find out that Nora could have little to do with it. We find out that whether Nora was in the picture or not, that he would still be effected, because he states "what good would it do me if you were out of the way, as you say" (596). Previously Torvald had promised Nora that he would support her through anything and defend her; however, when it was time to be tested and his security in society was challenged he did not wish to keep his promise. because soon after another letter arived to appologize for the previous letter which was sent and the forged document was handed over, Torvald was no longer in any danger of society's condemnation. Nora noticed how quickly the shift of attitude was back to normal and casual as helmer declares, in Nora's favor, "what difference does it make what he says?" (596). He is able to toll the old line because he is now safe in his place in society in no jeopardy of any shame by society. He is secure and this matters more to him more than his wife. at this point, all was over and her eyes was opened to the truth of the entire situation. Nora comes to grasp, as stated by Honeyman and Goodman "that the economic, political, and social subordination of women has been at least partly determined by patriarchal forces" (609). She realises that something must be changed concerning her situation. She has changed in her perspective and mindset which is represented in a literal way by her admition of "yes, Torvald, I've changed" when he asks her if she had changed her clothes. Nora realises and verbalizes that because he's been treating her like his precious doll and a prized prize that "we've been married for eight years. Doesn't it occur to you that this is the first time the two of us, you and I, Husband and wife, have had a serious conversation" (597). This tends to be a problem because couples should discuss serius issues with each other, and the decision making shouldn't be up to each separately or up to one of the two spouses. Nora observes "you've never loved me. You just thought it was pleasant to be in love with me" (597), because of all the interesting things she could perform especially at the dance; Furthermore she observes that "it's as if I've been living here like a beggar, from hand to mouth" (597), where she has to beg for his love, attention, and money by being the wife he wants. She does this by keeping his tastes, charming him by tricks, and allowing him to be charmed by her presence. Nora is far from being alone however in her suppressed position, which was the reason they fought for their rights. Women had not much rights, and thus fighting would mean that it would be according to Thomas "guaranteeing women rights over their children and control of property and wages, which gave them impetus to the movement" (35), from the examples of other countries. Her situation has lead her to believe that her suppression is unjustspan class="Apple-converted-space" /spanand that something drastic has to be done in order to solve this dilemma. This also leads her to realize that she is unfit to be a parent, because she is ignorant as to the ways of life. In this way she suggests "I have to try to educate myself" (598), on the ways of life, and learn and try to become" (598), a human being. Nora isn't alone in wishing to learn about the world and operating on her own merits, even if she wanted a more basic and practical education than formal education systems offered. Because according to Tomsen "education has been among the first priorities of the women's movement in most countries" (6). Women found education to be an important right. She has concluded to leave him and the city for a distant place and a new life because she finally realizes "no, I've never really been happy. I thought I was, but it wasn't true" (597). Nora feels or wants to feel as Ragna Nielsen does, according to Blom that "in the future, women will also become part of history, if only they themselves want to" (581), which is what Nora wishes to be herself. Here we have the story of a woman who has realized where her place is and have finally decide to begin her struggles against society./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 16px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica; color: #1f1f1f; -webkit-text-stroke-color: #000000;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanThus it is the author's conclusion that this work is a critique of feminism and is amongst one of the first wave feministic protest pieces. Because it really focuses heavily on struggles of the woman and it matches issues and concerns of the day rather than a humanistic piece. This piece of literature amongst many others has helped shaped and formed the feministic movement and literature. Amongst others such as this protest song Bread and Roses sung by a woman's march due to deaths and careless behaviors in the factories towards women, it echos and reenforces the main theme of a Doll's house: "No more the drudge and idler Ten that toil where one reposes But the sharing of lifespan class="s1" style="font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; line-height: normal; font-family: 'Arial Unicode MS';"'/spans glories bread and roses, bread and roses" (l.l. (20-24)./p