p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"England during the victorian Era was a time where society became morespan class="Apple-converted-space" /span"civilized," which also meant that this time period was very restrictive. Because being civilized or acting properly means one follows certain unsaid societal rules, certain individuals were able to set these guidelines such as men in the uper class. Despite a woman as queen of their country, which is ironic, women were seen as a lesser class of beings, and were devalued; However, not everyone played by these standards and rules; Thus people rallied against these byzantine norms, and wrote masterpieces, which endured through over a century, arguing against these subjects. These masterpieces such as Charlotte Bronté's novel Jane Eyre, Thomas Hardy's short story The last Veto, and Christina Rossetti's No, Thank you, John, often included issues of both class and gender, and the authors detailed the flaws of such order, and the reason that These restrictions cause more harm than result in a favorable outcome./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanWhilst women were not objects or puppets for men, women were very limited on their autonomy. Although, Women were homemakers and were allowed simple jobs which could benefit the household, the husband was ultimately in charge of being the bread winner, and Women were mostly to support them and expected to attend to domestic chors. In jane Eyre for example, When she escaped from Edward Rochester's house, where she was a governess and then his love interest, She came across a village and inquired about obtaining a job, so to earn money for her keep. Jane Eyre examines all her avenus including working at the foundry, to which the woman who she was using as a first contact reproached her by sternly pointing out, "'Nay' it was men's work'" (331). This shows that this mindset penetrated even to the lower classes and that women, some of them, were in on this regime. This really limited what Women can do. Women if they choose to work have few career options and most of what they were allowed to do was be a governess, a housekeeper, or a teacher for young children or other girls. It is this type of work that John Rivers the Parson for the village offers her, and he offers her the post of mistress at a village school. Because Jane Eyre is well aware that there isn't work for women in any other capacity and she is also well aware of limitations for women in terms of employment, she responds to St. John rivers by stating, "'I thank you for the proposal, Mr. Rivers, and I accept it with all my heart'" (360).Woman were not only limited in terms of employment, they were limited also to larger decisions such as who to marry. In the Son's Veto, although the husband had died leaving her and a son, Sophy, the woman main character in the short story, was still not allowed to make her own decisions, such as who to marry, and was subject now to her son's approval, which is degrading. She already knows this and is aware who is in control. This is so well established that Sophy asks herself "would he ever tolerate the idea? and if not, could she defy him" (889). Society also limited class intermixing, because a gentleman or lady is not permitted to marry a working class person. It is far worse for a lady to marry outside of class, and this is a mark on a family if this is the case. This is worse if it's a woman and the fact that she had married the parson was a shame to both of them, which was the reason the family had to move away from their native village. the son would be judged if the genteel crowd knew what type of mother he has. the son makes this abundantly clear to his mother by shouting "'it will degrade me in the eyes of all the gentlemen of England'" (890). The son is friends with gentleman who belong to the upper class, and he is expected to have families and a background that befits this social status, but it turns out, that only his father fits the description of the norm. However this also comes down to control and domination with the son as well, which is often the case in many of these situations. When men can limit women, they have power and dominance over them./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanWomen have always been under the power of men, especially in the Victorian Era, during which men was powerful, and subjected women to a strict control under them. In Christina Rossetti's No, thank you, John, the man named John apparently tried to control the narrator through wanting to remain singlee, due to her, not wanting to marry him. The narrator is not going to change her position and responds, "pray don't remain single for my sake who can't perform that task" (l.l. 11-12). This was a strategy to enforce his force on her and make her promise him her love, except this plan backfired on John. John next tried to be angry and offended by her, which she answers "then you're mad to take offence" (14). This is yet another trick to force her and give her no option to commit to him. After all, Women had to be subservient to men; Therefore, she wasn't suppose to offend him. Another more drastic example is when the son in The son's Veto at one point takes "her before a little cross and shrine that he had erected in his bedroom for his private devotions, there bade her kneel, and swear that she would not wed Samuel Hobson without his consent" (890), which he would never give. This however was a controling move, to promise him in a sense binding both her and her conscience. A woman is suppose to be pure, and suppose to listen to men and keep their word. This move is to ensure his control and in this case, the son gets what he desires from class="Apple-converted-space" /spanWe also see examples of this type of want of manipulation of woman and the desire to dominate in Jane Eyre. Mr. Edward Rochester tries a much more manipulative domination. He wishes to marry her, and he obtain Jane's consent. In the process and a move to spoil her in order to make her more attracted to him, Jane recounts, "I was ordered to choose half-a-dozenspan class="Apple-converted-space" /spandresses" (272), which she had somewhat objected to before they set out to shop for them. Because women were suppose to be docile to men and their wishes, Rochester expects that she would do it. To him, that he was spoiling her, was enough of an insentive. The more extreme and may be most extreme example of them all is St. John from jane Eyre trying to force Jane Eyre to marry him. Because St. John Rivers will be going to India as a missionary to preach the Gospel He wants her, and in a sense expects her to be submissive and promise to marry him. In order to force Jane Eyre in to submission he has repeatedly asked for her consent to wed her. One of these instances he phrases it as such "'could you decide now?'" (425). and even if he asked this gently he was still in a sense forcing and bothering her to answer him. The correct answer is Yes, St. John, I'll marry you. He feels that womankind must submit and is of course under men, that's a given. Women are suppose to be submissive and promise to Marry when asked, because that is merely their place. In a very interesting example, a woman has been influenced of this mindset and believes in her low status as a low class woman and seems to except it. Sophy from the Son's veto, has been corrected by her son grammatically. her son, who is a young pompous boy, challenges her verb tense, impatiently, and "his mother hastily adopted the correction, and did not resent his making it, or retaliate" (884), which allows her son to feel as if he has power over her' In fact this is what sophy feels is the case. He is a gentleman growing up, or rather, a boy who will become a gentleman. She feels like she is indeed inferior as a woman of little education and who comes from a working class country background. She herself may have married in to a family with a fortune' However, she had not such a fortune when she began. This control by men, which can be degrading and discouraging to a woman and her identity,span class="Apple-converted-space" /spancan cause one to feel helpless; moreover, , men do indeed try for such a message at times, because this kind of feeling and strategy helps them dominate women./p
p class="p1" style="margin: 0px; font-variant-numeric: normal; font-variant-east-asian: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 11px; line-height: normal; font-family: Helvetica;"span class="Apple-converted-space" /spanBecause of their limitation and especially the powerful domination, which is constantly the way of men, women have a tendency to feel helpless; moreover, Men attempt to made it blatant to women that womankind needs them. In No, Thank you, John while we only have one side of a conversation we can assume what tactics are being used by the other, which is John. John is arguing that she needs him, she requires a man to be well off, "wex a weariness to think upon with always 'do' and 'pray'" (l.l. 3-4), which is asking her over and over again, begging her to let him in. Maybe proving that she needs him, or rather, John begins to worry about her and begs her for courtship. Because John becomes more insistentspan class="Apple-converted-space" /spanand difficult, The narrator reacts more exasperatedly to his reactions. Because the narrator respondse that "no fault of mine made me your toast: why will you haunt me with a face as wan as shows an hour-old ghost" (l.l. 6-7). He is now fretting over the lady and as frustrated as she is for her sake, or so he feels. She is not accepting him, and she needs to because he probably feels that she is a lady and it would be good for her to have a man in her life; moreover, he loved her, which was another reason for their courtship and marriage. Another interesting relationship exists inn Jane Eyre. John Rivers comes to check up on Jane Eyre, which is an interesting dynamic already' However the tone he sets is showing the motives why he has decided to check on hher, which has to do with patronizing her. ONe of the things he says, in the supposedly quick visit was, "'no, that is well: while you draw you will not feel lonely'' (375), which reflects condescension. Rivers was approving and complementing Jane eyre's activities' furthermore, nurturing her to encourage her to help her cope with her new living situation, which isn't as tightly under his watch. John rivers, however, is not the only character which patronizes Jane Eyre. Edward Rochester loves Jane and has some animating pet names for her when noticed how she appears when she was quite Happy. This is witnessed by the inquiry, "is this my pale, little elf? Is this my mustard seed? This little sunny faced girl with the dimpled cheek and rosy lips; the satin-smooth hazel hair, and the radiant hazel eyes'" (262). This was suppose to be a complment, suppose to be out of amazement, and This was suppose to be more than respect. However, because he's a man of the victorian era and use to nurturing woman, it comes off as condescending, in a way, the nurturing is the part that restricts women. Similarly in the Son's Veto, the parson probably patronized Sophy before and after the marriage. The reader does not witness this but at one point one sees in to his head and he's thinking "what a kitten-like, flexuous, tender creature, she was" (885). This thought is rather condescending and patronizing. Is it really a complement,? is the question. This act degrades her to just a woman and something to admire, keep, and patronize, nothing really to see as an equal. This is all a culmination, of limitations, domination and seen as a second class being and made helpless./p